How does Far Red wave length trigger sleep in plants ?
The concept of sleep is not limited to animals. It may seem odd, but even plants experience a sleep cycle. Just like animals, plants have a biological clock that regulates their daily rhythms. This clock is affected by environmental cues, such as light and temperature, which help plants regulate their growth and development.
One of the most fascinating discoveries about plant sleep is the role of the far-red wavelength of light. Far-red light is a part of the light spectrum that has a longer wavelength than visible light. It is present in natural sunlight and can also be produced artificially.
Research has shown that exposure to far-red light can trigger the onset of the sleep cycle in plants. This is because far-red light inhibits the production of a plant hormone called auxin, which is responsible for growth and development. When auxin production is inhibited, the plant's growth slows down, and it enters a resting state.
Far-red light also stimulates the production of another hormone called abscisic acid (ABA), which promotes dormancy and helps plants conserve water during times of stress. ABA is known to play a critical role in regulating the sleep cycle in plants, and it is thought to be one of the key factors that control the transition between the active and resting states.
Interestingly, far-red light is not the only environmental cue that can trigger the sleep cycle in plants. Other factors, such as temperature, humidity, and the length of the day, can also affect the plant's biological clock and regulate its sleep cycle.
In conclusion, plants have a sleep cycle, which is regulated by a complex set of biological and environmental factors. Far-red light is one of the key environmental cues that trigger the onset of the sleep cycle in plants, by inhibiting the production of auxin and stimulating the production of ABA. Further research into the role of far-red light in plant sleep could provide new insights into the fundamental processes that regulate plant growth and development.